How to raise a puppy? Puppy rearing

  1. Puppy rearing: where to start?
  2. First of all, the puppy must remember the name!
  3. Feeding a puppy
  4. Developing skills in a puppy
  5. Puppy hygiene procedures
  6. Puppy vaccination
  7. Walking puppy
  8. Puppy Toilet Space
  9. Games with a puppy

Raising a puppy should start from the first day the puppy appears in your home Raising a puppy should start from the first day the puppy appears in your home.

In this article we will touch on different aspects of dog education, you will find out the answer to the question: how to raise a puppy correctly? You must understand that the health of the dog depends not only on how comfortable the conditions of its maintenance, but also on how harmoniously your relationship with the animal in the family develops.

The dog becomes a new member of the family, it comes to the house, where certain rules and limits of what is permitted must be established for it. So the dog will be easier to integrate into your life, to understand the rules in your home, to understand the rules for its need to live.

It is in the childhood of the dog, while it is still an unmindful puppy, that it is necessary to devote a lot of time to education. At puppy age, the dog is easy to learn, her habits are not yet formed, she is trainable. If you miss the time and do not bring up a puppy, he will grow into an uncontrolled and uncontrollable animal, with whom it will be very difficult to live together.

Care and upbringing of a puppy are the two most important tasks at the time of the appearance of a new furry friend in your home. Have patience, it will be a difficult period of adaptation both for you personally and for the puppy.

In the article " Puppy care »Describes the conditions of the puppy, what actions must be taken to ensure the normal growth and development of your pet, issues of vaccination, nutrition and hygiene are described.

Raising a puppy is concerned with the development of certain skills and abilities in a dog. The main principle in raising a puppy is not to allow the puppy to do something that should be forbidden to an adult dog.

Puppy rearing: where to start?

From what age to raise a puppy From what age to raise a puppy? 2 months . It is at this age that it is optimal to take a puppy home. The puppy's psyche is already strong enough to move to a new home. First of all, the puppy needs to get acquainted with its new family members, get used to everyone. The process of establishing friendly and trusting relationship directly depends on your attention and attitude to the puppy. He must feel that he is loved here. For this you need to pay a puppy a lot of time. But only one of your family members should become the main owner for him, and everyone else will take part in raising a puppy to a lesser extent.

If the puppy always wants to play with you, meets you, does not want to part with you - these are sure signs that contact has been made.

First of all, the puppy must remember the name!

The first thing you need to teach a puppy is to remember your nickname, to accustom him to the mode and place of feeding, as well as to the place of his rest.

Puppy remembers the nickname quickly, somewhere in 3-4 days. You must constantly pronounce the puppy's nickname, every time referring to the dog. It is desirable that the dog's name was short and sonorous.

Puppies should be accustomed to a certain regime ; upbringing, care and feeding is very important. Today there is a huge variety of ready-made feeds.

Feeding a puppy

The advantage of the finished feed is that it contains the right balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, corresponding to the needs of dogs of different ages, different degrees of activity and a tendency to certain diseases when a special diet is required The advantage of the finished feed is that it contains the right balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, corresponding to the needs of dogs of different ages, different degrees of activity and a tendency to certain diseases when a special diet is required.

The main thing is to choose super-premium food, only they meet high quality standards, include only natural ingredients, do not contain chemicals, dyes and genetically modified components.

The number of companies producing feed of such high quality is the German company bosch.

In the bosch line of feeds, you will find a wide range of feeds that take into account the different needs of pets.

In section " Feed selection "You will be offered the best option for your dog or puppy, and on Map You will find the nearest pet shop where you can purchase bosch food.

On the food package, as a rule, the diet and the correct calculation of the size of the portion depending on the weight of the dog are indicated.

Overfeeding and underfeeding are equally harmful to a dog's health.

Developing skills in a puppy

Care and upbringing of a puppy is to develop certain skills, so you need to teach a puppy to the place that he was assigned in your apartment. To do this, whenever the puppy lies down to rest, it must be transferred to its litter or bedding and say "Place." Pat him if he gets up from this place and comes after you, bring him back to his place again, repeat the “Place” and give him a treat. This procedure should be repeated several times a day until the puppy gets used to its place.

Puppy hygiene procedures

It is necessary to teach the puppy to hygienic procedures as early as possible. It is necessary to bathe a puppy once a month with a special shampoo for puppies. Comb it daily, cut the claws once a week. Be careful not to cut the claws close to the base, as there is a blood vessel that cannot be damaged.

If the puppy breed needs special grooming and special haircut, you should regularly visit hairdressing salons for dogs, where grooming procedures will be provided. After these procedures, it is important to encourage the puppy for his patience with delicacies, strokes and kind words.

Puppy vaccination

After re-vaccination at 3-4 months of age, there comes a time when you can walk a dog. To do this, it must be accustomed to the collar and leash. The collar should fit the size of the dog, not to hang out, but not press down the neck. At first, the puppy will try to remove the collar, try to distract him with a game, a run. Periodically remove the collar, let your puppy rest. Repeat donning a collar 3-4 times a day.

Walking puppy

After the puppy gets used to the collar, start to accustom him to the leash, fasten the short and light leash imperceptibly for the puppy, release the leash, let the puppy be like him. After a few minutes of walking, take the leash in your left hand and hold it, loosening the tension whenever the puppy pulls it tight. Do not use the leash as a toy or instrument of punishment. In no case do not beat the puppy with a leash, he will start to be afraid of him.

A very important team is the “Ko Me” team. Be ready to show patience and perseverance in the development of this team by your puppy. Whenever you call your puppy, use this phrase “To me”, with time and after numerous repetitions the puppy will learn and obey her.

Do not forget to encourage the fulfillment of the command by delicacy and affection, this is the key element that influences the mastering of the command by the dog. Begin to train this team at home, take a treat, say the name of the pet, so you will attract the attention of the puppy and say: "To me" when the puppy comes up give him a treat.

If the puppy does not react to the “To me” command anyway and does not want to go to you, then you will have to gently pull him up to the leash. The main thing is not to hurt him, you can use this method with older puppies. Repeat 2 to 3 times, encourage the puppy with a treat and affection, say: “Okay”.

After the apartment you can practice the team on the street.

Only after mastering the team “To me” can one proceed to the team “Walk”. On the street, unhook the leash and say: “Walk”, then run, causing the puppy to run. Repeat this command gradually reducing your run leaving the puppy alone. After the team, call a puppy, give a treat and encourage with kind words and affection.

Training team "Fu" is possible from a more adult puppy age, starting with a 3-month period. Prior to this, a small puppy is able to learn only the commands to execute any Training team Fu is possible from a more adult puppy age, starting with a 3-month period or actions, and not to prohibit the performance of various actions. To stop a puppy from doing a bad job, for example, when he chews on your things, you need to divert his attention at this moment with something else. For example, throw the ball, call it, in one word distract from unwanted action.

Scolding, screaming, and especially to beat the puppy is strictly prohibited. This way you can adversely affect the psyche of the dog and do not achieve anything good. If your measures to distract the puppy’s attention from engaging in unnecessary actions do not affect the puppy’s behavior, then you should easily pat the puppy on the back with a twig and say, “Fu,” this should be done as soon as the puppy tries to do an undesirable act or immediately pranks.

Puppy Toilet Space

You also need to teach the puppy to respect the space for the toilet. Buy a special tray, lay on it a special disposable diaper. Be prepared for the fact that the puppy You also need to teach the puppy to respect the space for the toilet At first, it will be needed everywhere, so clean the carpets in the apartment and protect the furniture with foil. In places where the puppy has done a puddle or a pile, spread diapers so that the puppy is used to them, try to keep the puppy on time when you need to go to the toilet. Gradually he will get used to the tray. Unfortunately, the tray does not completely solve the issue of unwanted puddles and piles of apartments, you have to suffer this period, until the dog can walk regularly on the street and get used to endure before walking.

Games with a puppy

Very important in communicating with a pet game. You must play with the puppy, thus compensating for the lack of communication between the dog and its congeners. To play use all sorts of toys, balls, play hide and seek, catch up. Imitate the behavior of other puppies, let the puppy sometimes “win” you, so you will develop courage and confidence in the dog.

Other family members including children can play with the puppy Other family members including children can play with the puppy. Remember that your children should also be accustomed to certain rules of communication with the dog.

The child should not beat and torment the dog, explain to the child that this is not a toy. The child should not approach the dog while she is eating, he should not disturb the sleeping dog. Do not let the child give his dog his sweets. Avoid situations where the child may be jealous of you to the dog or vice versa. Do not let the dog lick the hands and face of the child - it is not safe from a hygienic point of view.

Certainly, dog breeds are distinguished not only by their appearance, but also by the characteristics of the nature and degree of emotionality, appeasability, or aggressiveness. So, there are breeds more tolerant of contact with small children, among them are Labradors, St. Bernards, some shepherd dogs and so on.

There are breeds more trainable or less docile. For example, many hunting breeds of dogs require special patience, perseverance and hardness in training.

If you are buying a puppy for the first time and have not had any experience in training, it may be useful for you to attend special courses in the dress center. There you will receive advice and tips about raising puppies from professional canine and animal trainers. These courses will help you learn the basics of training, teach your dog basic commands, and most importantly avoid mistakes in raising a dog, which sometimes can be very difficult and sometimes impossible to correct.

To have fully developed puppies, feeding, raising, care, vaccinations are very important. The first vaccination takes place at 2 months of age (after 21 days revaccination is carried out), the next half a year, the next vaccination is given one year later, after which the vaccination takes place on an annual basis, once a year. After the second vaccination, which follows 21 days after the first, you can begin walking the puppy. You will learn more about vaccination and puppy walking mode in the article “ Puppy care ".

Love animals and educate them correctly!

Puppy rearing: where to start?
In this article we will touch on different aspects of dog education, you will find out the answer to the question: how to raise a puppy correctly?
Puppy rearing: where to start?
From what age to raise a puppy?
 
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